Always check the drug database before taking a medication. Do not use medications that are marked unsafe. Do not use medication for which there is no documentation, if at all possible. 


Clinical Features 


  • fast heart rate (tachycardia)

  • high blood pressure (hypertension) 

  • blood pressure that drops when standing up from a lying or sitting position (orthostatic hypotension) 

  • heart rate and blood pressure that increase suddenly then decrease to normal

  • seizures

  • paralysis

  • coma


  • abdominal pain that is described as a burning sensation

Laboratory Findings 

  • decreased sodium (hyponatremia), decreased potassium (hypokalemia), decreased magnesium (hypomagnesemia)

  • decreased cortisol

  • elevated white blood cells (leukocytosis)

  • elevated antinuclear antibodies

  • elevated catecholamines

  • elevated creatine kinase (rhabdomyolysis)


How to Treat Porphyria