Diagnoses A Person Might Receive Before Being Diagnosed with Porphyria

  • Fibromyalgia (https://www.researchgate.net/publication/289215714_Consider_the_acute_porphyrias_The_correlation_between_porphyria_and_fibromyalgia_or_chronic_myalgia_within_one_practice)

  • Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/1461185)

  • IST (Inappropriate Sinus Tachycardia) 

  • POTS (Postural Orthostatic Tachycardia Syndrome)

  • Systemic lupus erythematosus (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1004047/pdf/annrheumd00438-0042.pdf)?

  • Rheumatoid arthritis 

  • IBS (Irritable Bowel Syndrome)

  • Gastroparesis 

  • Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder (http://www.readcube.com/articles/10.1111/imj.12784?r3_referer=wol&tracking_action=preview_click&show_checkout=1&purchase_referrer=www.google.com&purchase_site_license=LICENSE_DENIED_NO_CUSTOMER)

  • Generalized Anxiety Disorder (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1074085/pdf/jnnpsyc00004-0015.pdf)

  • Panic Disorder (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8140193)?

  • Major Depressive Disorder (https://www.omicsonline.org/proceedings/treatment-of-major-depressive-disorder-with-psychotic-features-in-acute-intermittent-porphyria-a-case-presentation-28524.html)

  • Bipolar Disorder (http://bjp.rcpsych.org/content/207/6/556)

  • Conversion disorder (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1074085/pdf/jnnpsyc00004-0015.pdf)

  • Somatic symptom disorder also called somatization disorder and somatoform disorder (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1074085/pdf/jnnpsyc00004-0015.pdf)

  • Schizophrenia (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1074085/pdf/jnnpsyc00004-0015.pdf) (http://bjp.rcpsych.org/content/207/6/556)

  • Schizoaffective disorder (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1074085/pdf/jnnpsyc00004-0015.pdf)

  • Paranoid schizophrenia (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1074085/pdf/jnnpsyc00004-0015.pdf)

  • Oppositional defiant disorder

  • Parkinson's disease (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1074085/pdf/jnnpsyc00004-0015.pdf)

  • Multiple sclerosis (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/1461185)

   

Common Triggers

  • Certain medications 

    • ​Drugs that induce P450 hemeproteins 

  • Sex steroids

    • Female menstrual cycle 

    •  

    • Bacterial and viral infections

  • Low carbohydrate diet

    • Gastric bypass​ surgery

    • Not eating enough calories 

  • Alcohol

  • Smoking

  • Stress

  • Fibromyalgia

  • Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

  • Inappropriate Sinus Tachycardia 

  • Systemic lupus erythematosus

  • Rheumatoid arthritis 

  • Parkinson's disease

  • Multiple sclerosis

  • Irritable Bowel Syndrome

  • Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder

  • Generalized Anxiety Disorder

  • Panic Disorder

  • Major Depressive Disorder

  • Obsessive-compulsive disorder

  • Bipolar Disorder

  • Conversion disorder

  • Somatization disorder 

  • Schizophrenia

  • Schizoaffective disorder

  • Paranoid schizophrenia

  • Oppositional defiant disorder

  • Autism

https://www.researchgate.net/publication/289215714_Consider_the_acute_porphyrias_The_correlation_between_porphyria_and_fibromyalgia_or_chronic_myalgia_within_one_practice

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/1461185

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1004047/pdf/annrheumd00438-0042.pdf

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1074085/pdf/jnnpsyc00004-0015.pdf

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/1461185

http://www.readcube.com/articles/10.1111/imj.12784?r3_referer=wol&tracking_action=preview_click&show_checkout=1&purchase_referrer=www.google.com&purchase_site_license=LICENSE_DENIED_NO_CUSTOMER

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1074085/pdf/jnnpsyc00004-0015.pdf

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8140193

https://www.omicsonline.org/proceedings/treatment-of-major-depressive-disorder-with-psychotic-features-in-acute-intermittent-porphyria-a-case-presentation-28524.html

http://bjp.rcpsych.org/content/207/6/556

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1074085/pdf/jnnpsyc00004-0015.pdf

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1074085/pdf/jnnpsyc00004-0015.pdf

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1074085/pdf/jnnpsyc00004-0015.pdf

http://bjp.rcpsych.org/content/207/6/556

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1074085/pdf/jnnpsyc00004-0015.pdf

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1074085/pdf/jnnpsyc00004-0015.pdf